January 26 is the official national day of Australia which is called ‘Australia Day’. The day commemorates the establishment of the first European settlement in Australia. On 26th of January 1788, the first British fleet was anchor in Sydney Cove, off-loaded the male convicts brought from Europe and a flag of British empire was raised on Australian soil in the name of King George III. The Captain of the ship, Arthur Philip, setup a British penal colony and the process of White Australia begun. In the process of colonialism like in other parts of the world the centuries-old native social setup and its culture was dumped by British rulers. In the process, according to the historical documents; 10 to 30 percent of aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children were snatched forcibly from their parents and handed over to missionary and States institutions under the then government policy between 1910 to early 1970s. The rulers claimed to assimilate these native tens of thousand of children into the Anglo-Saxon society and teach them European values and their way of life. Most of these stolen children were under the age of 5. Similarly, there are horrifying tales of mistreat, sufferings and hurt of aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders and the extinctions of indigenous culture.
Today, these indigenous Australians are the most disadvantaged people in Australia. Having a life expectancy 17 years below the rest of the Australia and with many living in third world conditions they are needed the reformation in every walk of life. According to a report of the World Health Organisation, the healthcare standards for aborigines are a century behind than the rest of Australia. In some parts of the country the life expectancy of male aborigines is just 33 years. Lack of education, job opportunities and other social facilities the crimes and gun culture have been increased in aboriginal community. Child abuse, rape and lootings are common crimes in remote areas. The law and order situation in remote areas are terrible.
Therefore, the indigenous Australians see the ‘Australia Day’ as foundation day of the demolition of their culture and generation and they observed the day as the the ‘Invasion Day’ or ‘Day of Mourning’.
In May 1995, The National inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children from their families was established which was chaired by Sir Ronald Wilson. In May 1997, a report on the Stolen Generations, Bringing Them Home, stemming from the inquiry chaired by Sir Ronald Wilson and was tabled in the Parliament. Exactly after a year, in May 1998, the first national Sorry Day was held to mark the anniversary of the stolen children report. In February 2000, John Howard abandoned the deadline on reconciliation to be achieved by the eve of federation celebration. Since then indigenous leaders, community groups and human rights organizations raised the issue on different platforms, seminars, demonstrations. Specially, the last government of John Howard and his Liberal Party totally refused to offer ‘sorry’ to indigenous Australians.
Mr. Howard’s plea was that firstly, whatever done to the indigenous people in the past was done by pasts governments and should not be liable to the present government and generation and secondly the apology or sorry could open the door to expensive compensation claims.
Kevin Rudd kicked off with great courage and daring steps during the last federal election when he promised to the nation that he would say sorry to the indigenous Australians on all the mistreatments and wrong-doings happened to them if comes into power. And the day came, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, on February 12 (2008) laid down a new tradition in the Australian Federal Parliament by ceremonial welcoming from Aborigines for the first time in its 107-year history. He was handed a message stick which told ‘the story of our coming together’. More than 100 indigenous elders, women and youth invited to start the proceeding of a new government with a new image of Australia. The ceremony combined ancient Aboriginal dances, music, song with more modern dance and performance.
Then the next day is the day for which the indigenous Australians were waiting for decades. On February 13 (2008), the Prime Minister Kevin Rudd added a new page in the Australian history. He, on behalf of all Australians and the government, said ‘Sorry’ to the first Australians (Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders) on all the mistreatments and wrong doing particularly to the stolen generation (who were forcibly removed children from their parents during) for over 200 years. Prime Minister Kevin Rudd said that the Australian now reflect the blemished chapter in our nation’s history with the true spirit of reconciliation. He said that he would also like to assure the first Australians that it will never happen again.
Today, the indigenous Australians must be feeling more close and equal to every other Australians. However, the word sorry is not enough but it has opened the doors for the reconciliation and work together. The aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders need confidence and faith on the government that new projects are to improve their lives and protect their culture and heritage. There is also high need of focusing on development programs for youth on priority.
By saying sorry to the indigenous Australians, Prime Minister Kevin has also delivered a message to every Australian – a message of openness, acceptance and respect for everyone. Australia is a mixture of more than 160 nationalities. Now this is the responsibility of every Australian to accept every other Australian and show the unity as one nation. For me this is the true Australia Day and the Australian nation should observe this day in every coming years as a National Day.