Jeddah (UNA-OIC) – The Republic of Kazakhstan celebrates tomorrow, Tuesday, Constitution Day, to commemorate the approval of its current highest law.
The Constitution was approved by a referendum on 30 August 1995. It replaced the first post-Soviet 1993 constitutional document.
In Kazakhstan and worldwide, the adoption of this Constitution is seen as a key event in the modern history of Kazakhstan and a contributing factor in the country’s political stability and economic growth.
The preamble of the current Constitution emphasizes the importance of “freedom, equality and concord” and Kazakhstan’s role in the international community.
It was initially developed on the initiative and with the participation of former President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev. It serves as a foundation for the country’s achievements in the socio-economic sphere.
Over the years, the Constitution has been amended five times: in 1998, 2007, 2011, 2017 and most recently in 2022.
The most significant amendments to the Constitution were made in 2022. On 16 March 2022, President of Kazakhstan, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, delivered his State-of-the-Nation Address, which contained significant political reforms and proposals to democratize the political processes in Kazakhstan. For their effective implementation, amendments and additions to the Constitution were required, which meant a constitutional reform was necessary.
President Tokayev announced on 5 May that he signed a Decree on holding the referendum.
The nationwide referendum on 5 June 2022 on the adoption of amendments and additions to the Constitution was a historic moment for Kazakhstan. Over 77 per cent of citizens voted in favour of constitutional amendments.
The constitutional reform is aimed at a comprehensive transformation of the entire state model, which includes the final transition from a “super-presidential” form of government to a presidential republic with an influential parliament and an accountable government, which entails limiting the powers of the President. In addition, the constitutional reform will significantly strengthen the representative branch of power, strengthen the system of checks and balances, and increase the independence of maslikhats (local representative bodies).
It is worth noting that the Constitution Day is a national holiday in Kazakhstan and is usually celebrated with festivities, concerts, and exhibitions, which are held in every region and city of the country.